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Minnesota Industry Snapshots

by Dave Senf
david.senf@state.mn.us
April 2019

NAICS 713 Amusement, Gambling, and Recreation

This might be the most entertaining industry providing services ranging from amusement parks, casinos, golf courses, skiing, and marinas to bowling lanes. The industry is split among amusement and arcade parks (5.5 percent of employment), gambling establishments (16.3 percent of employment), and other amusement and recreation (78.2 percent of employment.

Four of every five jobs in this industry are in the private sector with most of the other employment in Native American casinos (classified as local government). Amusement, Gambling, and Recreation employment accounts for 1.27 percent of Minnesota employment which is slightly less than the 1.35 percent nationwide. Employment in this industry is somewhat seasonal in Minnesota with employment during the summer months roughly 25 percent higher than during winter months.

In 2017 there were 1,868 establishments in the industry with 36,359 employees. Top-employing occupations within this industry typically require less education and have lower median wages. Many of the jobs are seasonal and provide entry level jobs for young adults (see Table 1). The industry’s workforce is much younger than the overall workforce with 30 percent of employees younger than 24 years old compared to 14 percent for the overall workforce.

Table 1. Amusement, Gambling, and Recreation

Occupation

Employment
2016

Industry’s Share
of State
Occupation Total

Median
Wage

2016-2026
Employment Change

Numeric

Percent

Waiters and Waitresses

50,539

6.5%

$10.06

1,269

2.5%

Amusement and Recreation Attendants

7,177

44.4%

$10.63

423

5.9%

Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors

5,994

45.6%

$18.37

332

5.5%

Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers

19,145

11.8%

$15.46

1,695

8.9%

Bartenders

17,637

9.1%

$10.01

-152

-0.9%

Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping

48,827

3.1%

$13.86

3,986

8.2%

Cooks, Restaurant

25,614

5.3%

$13.03

1,832

7.2%

Gaming Dealers

2,705

47.0%

$9.88

112

4.1%

Cashiers

64,167

1.6%

$10.78

-260

-0.4%

General and Operations Managers

43,543

2.0%

$43.59

3,220

7.4%

Source: DEED Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) and DEED Employment Outlook

The percent of regional employment in this industry is higher than statewide in the Northwest, Northeast, and Southeast regions suggesting that some of the industry’s employment in those regions is supported by tourism. Employment growth in the industry has lagged behind overall growth since 2010 but most of the slower growth is caused by casino-related employment being reclassified into the accommodations industry in Central Minnesota. Job growth in the industry is projected to be twice as fast as overall job growth over the next decade.

Table 2. Amusement, Gambling, and Recreation

Number of Firms 2017

Number of Jobs
2017

Share of MN Amusement, Gambling, and Recreation

2010 - 2017
Job Change

Average
Annual Wage

Minnesota

1,868

36,359

785 (2.2%)

$20,540

Metro Area

847

20,886

57.4%

3,747 (21.9%)

$20,436

Northwest Minnesota

255

4,119

11.3%

129 (-3.0%)

$21,372

Central Minnesota

248

2,871

7.9%

-2,804 (-49.4%)

$12,792

Northeast Minnesota

157

3,099

8.5%

-76 (-0.7%)

$23,660

Southeast Minnesota

158

3,592

9.9%

24 (-0.7%)

$24,908

Southwest Minnesota

156

1,674

4.6%

-35 (2.1%)

$16,068

Source: DEED Quarterly Census of Employment and Wage (QCEW)


NAICS 112 Animal Production and Aquaculture

If you have driven the back roads of Minnesota you have probably seen the Animal Production, and Aquaculture industry in action. This industry is comprised of farms, ranches, and feedlots primarily engaged in keeping, gazing, breeding, or feeding animals. The aquaculture component of the industry are establishments primarily in farm-raising aquatic animals and plants and is a small part of the industry. Measuring employment in this industry is tricky since a large share of the workforce is self-employed. Minnesota’s wage and salary employment in this industry is split mainly between dairy farms (40 percent) and hog farms (34 percent) with the rest of employment mainly at poultry farms involved in chicken and turkey raising activity.

Minnesota’s Animal Production and Aquaculture wage and salary jobs account for 4.2 percent of nationwide jobs in the industry. Job growth in the industry was 23.1 percent in Minnesota and 16.9 percent nationally between 2010 and 2017. Wage and salary job growth is being driven by less self-employed operations and more large-scale operations that are ramping up hiring of wage and salary workers.

In 2017 there were 894 establishments in the industry with 11,121 employees. Workers in the industry are mainly either farmworkers or farm managers as these two occupations account for three out of every four workers (see Table 1). While the median age for farmers has been increasing for years now, the age structure of this industry’s workforce doesn’t differ all that much from the overall workforce. The industry’s share of workers older than 55 years is actually a tad less, 21 to 23 percent, than the overall workforce.

Table 1. Animal Production and Aquaculture

Occupation

Employment 2016

Industry’s Share
of State
Occupation Total

Median Wage

2016-2026
Employment Change

Numeric

Percent

Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals

5,123

84.4%

$12.82

534

8.8%

Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers

2,806

5.5%

$37.48

-1,361

-2.7%

Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse

366

8.2%

$12.27

310

6.9%

Agricultural Equipment Operators

347

27.4%

$16.40

162

12.8%

First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers

222

31.6%

$32.58

79

11.2%

Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

175

0.5%

$26.23

2,458

6.4%

Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks

151

0.4%

$20.34

-1,009

-2.8%

Animal Trainers

127

23.2%

$13.18

64

11.7%

Animal Breeders

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Agricultural and Food Science Technicians

87

7.8%

$20.48

82

7.3%

Source: DEED Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) and DEED Employment Outlook


Southwest Minnesota has the most jobs in this industry followed by Central Minnesota. Employment levels are minimal in the Metro Area and in Northeast Minnesota. Employment growth in the industry between 2010 and 2017 was twice as fast as overall employment growth, but, as mentioned before, that may be partially the result of wage and salary employment replacing self-employment in the industry and partially a change in the state law that affected coverage. This trend is expected to continue over the next decade as wage and salary job growth in the industry is expected to increase 11.6 percent in contrast to the 5.9 percent projected for overall job.

Table 2. Animal Production and Aquaculture

Number of
Firms 2017

Number of
Jobs 2017

Share of MN Animal Production and Aquaculture

2010 - 2017
Job Change

Average
Annual Wage

Minnesota

894

11,121

2,085 (23.1%)

$39,998

Metro Area

42

235

2.1%

79 (50.6%)

$34,182

Northwest Minnesota

145

2,045

18.4%

544 (36.2%)

$42,696

Central Minnesota

172

2,616

23.6%

213 (8.9%)

$36,184

Northeast Minnesota

4

32

0.3%

1 (3.2%)

$17,220

Southeast Minnesota

206

2,158

19.4%

428 (24.7%)

$32,968

Southwest Minnesota

315

4,010

36.1%

795 (24.7%)

$45,346

Source: Deed Quarterly Census of Employment and Wage (QCEW)


NAICS 315 Apparel Manufacturing

Apparel Manufacturing employment has been decreasing for years in Minnesota and nationwide. The industry, comprised of establishments primarily engaged in the manufacturing of clothing, had a national workforce of roughly 500,000 across the U.S. in 2000 with 1,800 jobs in Minnesota. Employment in the industry was down to 120,000 nationwide and 724 in Minnesota in 2017. Minnesota apparel manufacturers have actually staged a small rebound over the last few years with 40 jobs added since 2014. As a result the state’s share of U.S. apparel manufacturing jobs has climbed from 0.4 percent in 2000 to 0.6 percent in 2017.

Almost a third of the employees in the industry work as Sewing Machine Operators, but almost three times as many Sewing Machine Operators are employed in the state’s Textile Mill Products industry (NAICS 315). The apparel manufacturing industry employs 20.9 percent of Minnesota Fashion Designers and 26.1 percent of Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders (see Table 1). The industry’s workforce is younger than the overall workforce as only 11.9 percent of workers are 55 years or above compared to 22.8 percent for all workers. Industry wages are relatively low as the median wage for Sewing Machine Operators was $13.35 per hour in 2017 which is only 66 percent of the $20.07 median wage for all workers.

Table 1. Apparel Manufacturing

Occupation

Employment
2016

Industry’s Share
of State
Occupation Total

Median Wage

2016-2026
Employment Change

Numeric

Percent

Sewing Machine Operators

2,641

8.6%

$13.35

-52

-2.0%

Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks

13,936

0.4%

$17.07

-16

-0.1%

General and Operations Managers

43,543

0.1%

$43.59

3,220

7.4%

Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

161

26.1%

$14.24

-24

-14.9%

Graphic Designers

6,792

0.5%

$23.63

263

3.9%

Office Clerks, General

57,496

0.1%

$17.03

-1,371

-2.4%

Fashion Designers

172

20.9%

$24.55

-4

-2.3%

Retail Salespersons

86,818

0.0%

$11.60

-852

-1.0%

Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products

33,951

0.1%

$31.08

1,959

5.8%

First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers

11,936

0.2%

$29.47

357

3.0%

Source: DEED Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) and DEED Employment Outlook


Half of the apparel manufacturing jobs in Minnesota are in the Metro area with most of the remaining jobs in either Southwest or Southeast Minnesota (see Table 2). As mentioned before, wages in the industry are relatively low as wages averaged $33,148 in 2017 in contrast to the overall annual average of $56,167. The industry is expected to continue to cut jobs over the next 10 years with employment falling by a third in both Minnesota and nationwide by 2026. The downward trend in apparel manufacturing jobs has been fueled by increasing imports of apparel goods plus increased automation in the industry. Even if more clothes are manufactured in the U.S. in the future, job creation will most likely be moderate as increased productivity will limit job creation.

Table 2. Apparel Manufacturing

Number of
Firms 2017

Number of
Jobs 2017

Share of MN Apparel Manufacturing

2010 - 2017
Job Change

Average
Annual Wage

Minnesota

80

724

-41 (-5.4)

$33,148

Metro Area

52

373

51.5%

56 (17.7%)

38,620

Northwest Minnesota

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Central Minnesota

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Northeast Minnesota

5

39

5.4%

-17 (19.9%)

26,482

Southeast Minnesota

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Southwest Minnesota

3

155

21.4%

NA

23,002

Source: DEED Quarterly Census of Employment and Wage (QCEW)


NAICS 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing

This might be termed the sinner’s industry as in addition to the production of nonalcoholic beverages it includes the manufacture of alcoholic beverages – beer, wine, and distilled spirits – and tobacco products such as cigarettes and cigars. Minnesota has no employment in tobacco product manufacturing which nationally accounts for 5 percent the industry’s employment. The industry accounts for 1.4 percent of employment in Minnesota versus 1.8 percent nationally.

Minnesota employment in breweries topped nonalcoholic production employment in 2015 and now accounted for 47 percent of the industries 4,088 workforce in 2017. Soft Drink and Ice Manufacturing was next in employment (37%) followed by distilleries (9%) and wineries (7%).

Employment in the industry is spread across roughly 100 occupations with the top 10 occupations (see Table 1) accounting for 60 percent of industry employment. The occupation most specific to this industry is Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders. Sales Representatives, which make up 4 percent of the workforce, have a median salary of $31.08 per hour which is considerably higher than the overall median of $20.07. The industry’s workforce is younger than the overall workforce as only 12 percent of employees are 55 years or older in contrast to 22 percent for the overall workforce in Minnesota.

Table 1. Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing

Occupation

Employment
2016

Industry’s Share
of State
Occupation Total

Median
Wage

2016-2026
Employment Change

Numeric

Percent

Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders

10,262

5.2%

$15.97

159

1.5%

Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers

2,975

11.4%

$14.39

31

1.0%

Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand

38,656

0.7%

$15.53

2,134

5.5%

Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

749

31.4%

$18.80

66

8.8%

Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators

10,251

1.8%

$19.25

766

7.5%

Retail Salespersons

86,818

0.2%

$11.60

-852

-1.0%

Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products

33,951

0.4%

$31.08

1,959

5.8%

Industrial Machinery Mechanics

7,036

1.6%

$26.12

643

9.1%

Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers

784

13.9%

$16.89

-69

-8.8%

Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers

16,503

0.6%

$17.58

916

5.6%

Source: DEED Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) and DEED Employment Outlook


Employment in the industry has skyrocketed over the last few years climbing 85.2 percent between 2010 and 2017 which is more than seven times faster than overall employment growth (see Table 2). Industry growth in Minnesota has been twice as strong as nationwide with most of the increased powered by the explosion of breweries in the state. The industry’s regional employment distribution is similar to population distribution but both the Central and Southwest regions have higher industry employment given population. The industry is expected to continue to expand its workforce faster than average as 600 jobs are projected over the next decade. That growth works out to 16.8 percent or almost three times the 5.9 percent rate projected for total employment growth.

Table 2. Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing

Number of
Firms 2017

Number of
Jobs 2017

Share of MN Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing

2010 - 2017
Job Change

Average
Annual Wage

Minnesota

163

4,088

1,881 (85.2%)

$41,814

Metro Area

80

2,448

59.3%

1,084 (79.5%)

$44,669

Northwest Minnesota

11

219

5.3%

101 (153.0%)

$23,877

Central Minnesota

19

668

16.2%

235 (54.3%)

$47,609

Northeast Minnesota

11

219

5.3%

NA

$29,792

Southeast Minnesota

13

185

4.5%

NA

$26,731

Southwest Minnesota

13

390

9.4%

143 (57.9%)

$34,180

Source: DEED Quarterly Census of Employment and Wage (QCEW)

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