Born July 12, 1924, in Mankato, Minnesota. Raised in Le Center, Minnesota. Graduated from St. John's University, Collegeville, 1948 and University of Minnesota Law School 1951. President, Minnesota Law Review. Private practice in Little Falls, 1951-1981 until appointment as Associate Justice on September 1, 1981. Died July 28, 2011 in Saint Paul, Minnesota.