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Benefits and Resources

The Minnesota Veterans Preference Act (VPA)

The Minnesota Veterans Preference Act (VPA) grants most Veterans a limited preference over non-Veterans in hiring and promotion for most Minnesota public employment positions, as granted in Minnesota Statutes 197.48, 43A.11, and 197.455. These statues may apply to certain spouses of Veterans. The Minnesota VPA Statutes apply to Minnesota public employment, "civil service laws, charter provisions, ordinances, rules or regulations of a county, city, town, school district, or other municipality or political subdivision of this state."

Veterans Preference Categories

The following provides a general overview of the categories included under the MN VPA. You are encouraged to review the statutes for additional information. Should you require legal interpretation or advise you are encouraged to consult an attorney.



General Overview

*Should not be considered legal advice

Nondisabled Veteran's Credit

MN Statute 197.455, Subd. 4

10 Veterans Preference points may be awarded for local government positions

Disabled Veteran's Credit

MN Statute 197.455, Subd. 5

15 Veterans Preference points may be awarded for local government positions

Direct Appointment to State Jobs

MN Statute 43A.111

Authorization to directly appoint a 30% service-connected disabled Veteran to a state job

Veterans Preference in State Jobs

MN Statute 43A.11

After minimum qualifications for a vacant position are met, disabled Veterans are considered ahead of Veterans who are considered ahead of non-Veterans. The top five recently separated Veterans must be granted an interview for the position by the hiring authority.

Recruitment of Veterans in State Employment

MN Statute 43A.09

Special emphasis shall be given to recruitment of Veterans and protected group members to assist state agencies in meeting affirmative action goals to achieve a balanced work force.

Veterans Preference in MN Private Sector Employment

MN Statute 197.4551

A private, nonpublic employer is allowed, but not required to grant preference to a Veteran in hiring and promotion.

Discharge Hearing Process

MN Statute 197.46

No person holding a position by appointment or employment in the several counties, cities, towns, school districts and all other political subdivisions in the state, who is a Veteran separated from the military service under honorable conditions, shall be removed from such position or employment except for incompetency or misconduct shown after a hearing, upon due notice, upon stated charges, in writing.

Veterans Preference Enforcement

197.481 - 2014 Minnesota Statutes

A Veteran denied any Veterans preference right, either in hiring or discharge may petition the Commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Veterans Affairs for relief.

For questions or more information, please contact MDVA's Veterans Preference Representative at (651) 757-1568.

Federal Laws

The U.S. Department of Labor provides a summary of job rights for Veterans and Reserve Component Members.

For questions or more information about U.S. Department of Labor employment and training programs for Veterans, contact the Minnesota Director of Veterans' Employment and Training Service at (651) 259-7511 or via email at

Please be aware that this material is intended for general informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice relative to any specific situation. None of this material should be considered as a substitute for legal advice. Please consult an attorney for advice concerning your specific circumstances.

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