Over the past 20+ years, nonprofits, community leaders, and other government entities have reviewed the Minneapolis Police Department. Honoring Years of Work is a timeline of many of these reports, studies, and efforts.
While these provide valuable information and insights, the Minnesota Department of Human Rights' findings rely on its independent investigation.
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Minneapolis Police Traffic Stops and Driver’s Race - Analysis and Recommendations found:
Defining the Disparity concluded community involvement is critical to successful studies of racial disparities in the criminal justice system.
Similar report found that Black Minnesotans are sent to prison at a rate of 39:1 compared to white Minnesotans who are found guilty of the same drug offenses. Report also found racial differences in arrests are not solely attributable to difference in drug use – a cause is the criminal justice system.
Report submitted to Minnesota Department of Public Safety concluded simplistic interpretation that Black and Native Americans commit offenses at higher rates is not definitive.
St. Paul Foundation funded a project regarding community attitudes towards various crime-related issues.
Minnesota Racial Profiling Study found law enforcement stopped and searched Black, Latinx, and Indigenous drivers at higher rates than white drivers. Same study concluded law enforcement found contraband as a result of searches of Black, Latinx, and Indigenous drivers at lower rates than white drivers.
Minneapolis Police Department entered into mediation agreement with the Unity Community Mediation Team focused on:
Low Level Offenses in Minneapolis: An Analysis of Arrests and Their Outcomes found Black folks in Minneapolis are 15 times more likely to be arrested and 7 times more likely to be convicted than white folks.
American Indian Perspectives on Disparities in the Minnesota Criminal Justice System recommended:
Battered Women’s Justice Project found mistrust of criminal justice system among women whose partners or former partners were under probationary supervision as a result of a domestic assault conviction.
African American Males in the Criminal Justice System concluded level of trust within African American community for justice system is very low.
Report suggested Hennepin County:
Minnesota Council on Crime summarized 12+ separate studies and found:
Same report recommended:
After reviewing MPD’s Internal Affairs Unit, Police Executive Research Forum recommended:
Minnesota Supreme Court Task Force on Racial Bias in the Justice System released final progress report on Racial Bias Task Force outlining:
Police Conduct Oversight Commission recommended requiring MPD officers to complete continuing education credits in cultural awareness, eliminating bias, and racial profiling.
Coaching Process Analysis found large discrepancy between precincts as to whether those lodging low-level complaints against an officer were contacted following their complaint.
Report on MPD oversight and accountability by the Department of Justice outlined efforts to improve officer conduct and stakeholder feedback and recommended increased data collection.
Police Conduct Oversight Commission concluded little to no analysis of racial makeup of those stopped can be conducted because of limited and skewed pool of data.
MPD Body Camera Implementation Research Study recommended:
Officer Interactions with Mental Health Issues Report suggested:
After finding issues related to filing misconduct complaints, Police Conduct Oversight recommended:
MPD150 released report reviewing 150-year performance of Minneapolis Police Department that advocates for police abolition and is divided into three sections:
Note: the link to the report is the expanded edition that MPD 150 released in 2020.
Report on Smart Gun Technology highlighted smart gun technology is not ready for law enforcement use, but there’s a national effort to develop standards.
Minneapolis’s Internal Audit Department issued findings related to MPD’s use of body worn cameras:
Domestic Violence Response Research and Study recommends MPD should:
Following the killings of Jamar Clark and Philando Castile, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights released themes following hearings:
After identifying calls for MPD services can result in housing properties being designated as “nuisance” or “problem proprieties” and lead to evictions, the Police Conduct Oversight Commission recommended:
In a Surveillance Whitepaper, Police Conduct Oversight Commission reviewed public safety cameras, body worn cameras, and squad car cameras.
Police Conduct Oversight Commission finds MPD should implement formal recruiting practices, increase data collection, and monitor progress to improve equity in police recruiting.
In Police Off-Duty Work Audit, Police Conduct Oversight Commission identified need for:
MPLS For a Better Contract recommended revisions to the MPD’s contract that included:
Minnesota Department of Public Safety and Attorney General Keith Ellison released Police-Involved Deadly Force Encounters Executive Summary that recommended:
MPD150 released a comic book, Community Policing and Other Fairy Tales.
In What Will It Take to End Police Violence? Recommendations for Reform, Communities United Against Police Brutality suggested:
Following the death of George Floyd, Communities United Against Police Brutality also released suggestions for the Minneapolis Mayor and City Council to adopt now. Some recommendations included:
Other documents and reports are on Communities United Against Police Brutality’s website.
Public Safety in Minneapolis: Community Perceptions of Policing conducted by Leadership Conference Education Fund in partnership with Black Visions Collective, Unidos-MN, and Native American Community Development Initiative found:
Minnesota Justice Center released Trust in Policing: The Role of White Supremacy that recommend:
Report 3: Black Extended and Chosen Family
The Policing Project at NYU Law and the Minneapolis Foundation released Convening of Minneapolis Community Leaders: Reimaging Public Safety that identified immediate changes and long-term solutions such as: