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Providing information, education, and training to build knowledge, develop skills, and change attitudes that will lead to increased independence, productivity, self determination, integration and inclusion (IPSII) for people with developmental disabilities and their families.

Bengt Nirje on Normalization

Produced by David Goode / The Minnesota Governor's Council on Developmental Disabilities
Produced in 1993.

Institutions Over Community

Bengt Nirje: The point of the situation was this. And that was that, at this time in Sweden, even though later the Kennedy Commission came over to see us too and found that Sweden and Denmark were far ahead of the rest of the world, the fact is that we were dissatisfied because, as a matter of fact, what we had was we had no services in the community with few exceptions. And those exceptions were some schools for the mildly, some moderately and the mildly mentally handicapped, in the larger cities. All the rest were institutions for children and for adults. Central institutions was more the workhouse and the boarding schools which [Inaudible] where we mixed children and adults [Inaudible] in the same. But there were boarding schools up in the countryside that were not very nice. And there were special hospitals for mentally disabled and so on, but nothing that helped

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The GCDD is funded under the provisions of P.L. 106-402. The federal law also provides funding to the Minnesota Disability Law Center,the state Protection and Advocacy System, and to the Institute on Community Integration, the state University Center for Excellence. The Minnesota network of programs works to increase the IPSII of people with developmental disabilities and families into community life.

This project was supported, in part by grant number 2001MNSCDD-03, from the U.S. Administration for Community Living, Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. 20201. Grantees undertaking projects with government sponsorship are encouraged to express freely their findings and conclusions. Points of view or opinions do not, therefore, necessarily represent official ACL policy.