With An Eye to the Past - Index of Documents

DOCUMENTS BY TIME PERIOD: Documents from 1920 to 1949

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Documents of particular interest and reports and publications from these time periods, as well as documents of that period which do not fall in any other category.

Year Title Author/Source File Name
General Chronological
1921 Standards: Special Classes for Defectives MN Dept. of Education 21-SSC-DEPTED.pdf
1922 Feeble Mindedness G. C. Hanna 22-FMD-GCH.pdf
1924 Are We Going to Meet Our Obligation to the Feeble-Minded Hennepin County Child Welfare Board 24-AWG-HCC.pdf
1924 The Housing of Mentally Defective Girls E.H. McIntosh 24-HDM-EHM.pdf
1924 Occupational Efficiency of the Mentally Defective G. C. Hanna 24-OEM-GCH.pdf
1925 Outline of Mental Deficiency For Social Workers, Teacher, Others F. Kuhlman, Director Research Bureau State Bd. Control 25-OMD-Kuhlman.pdf
1925 The Menace of the Feebleminded G. C. Hanna 25-TMF-GCH.pdf
1927 A Brief Resume of Minnesota's Institutional Program for Its Handicapped Wards C.J. Swendsen 27-BRM-CJS.pdf
1927 Comments on Commitment of Feebleminded Persons Blanch La Du and others 27-CCF-BLD.pdf
1927 History of the Minnesota State Conference of Social Work and the Part the Institutions of the State Have Had in Its Program Galen A. Merrill 27-HMS-GAM.pdf
1927 Minnesota State Institutions Minnesota State Federation of Labor 27-mn-fed-labor-mn-state-inst.pdf
1927 Standards: Special Classes for Defectives MN Dept. of Education 27-SSC-DEPTED.pdf
1930 The Feeble Minded, Blind and Deaf J. M. Murdoch 30-FMB-JMM.pdf
1930 Fundamental Principles Involved in the Organization and Construction of an Institution for the Feebleminded J.M. Murdoch 30-FPI-JMM.pdf
1931 Feeble-Mindedness in Minnesota MN Board of Control 31-FMM-BOC.pdf
1931 The Prevalence of Feeble-Minded in Minnesota, The Methods of Dealing with Them, and Prevention Frederick Kuhlmann 31-PFM-FNK.pdf
1931 A Plan for Minnesota for the Care, Control, and Training of Her Mental Defectives MN Board of Control 31-PMC-BOC.pdf
1931 Standards: Special Classes for Defectives MN Dept. of Education 31-SSC-DEPTED.pdf
1932 Organization of the State Board of Control and Something of its Early History S. W. Leavitt 32-OSB-SWL.pdf
1932 Prevalence of Feeble-Minded in Penal and Correctional Institutions Frederick Kuhlmann 32-PFM-FNK.pdf
1932 A Picture of Minnesota in 1932 Blanche L. La Du 32-PMN-BLL.pdf
1932 State Board of Control Law S.R. Van Sant 32-SBC-SRV.pdf
1933 The Effect of Economic Conditions on Colony and Parole Plans for the Feeble-Minded Charles Bernstein 33-EEC-CNB.pdf
1934 Comments on History of Board of Control Blanche L. La Du 34-CHB-BLD.pdf
1934 Provisions for Mental Defectives in Some of the Other States Frederick Kuhlmann 34-PMD-FNK.pdf
1938 Child Welfare Manual. Section L – The Feebleminded and Epileptic MN State Board of Control 38-CWM-MSB.pdf
1940 Introduction of Frederick Kuhlmann Neil A. Dayton 40-IFK-NAD.pdf
1940 100 Years of Special Care and Training F. Kuhlmann 40-OHY-FNK.pdf
1940 The Treatment of Mental Defectives in Minnesota E.J. Engberg 40-TMD-EJE.pdf
1943 Standards: Special Classes for Handicapped Children MN Dept. of Education 43-SSC-DEPTED.pdf
1944 General Information for Employees of the Minnesota School and Colony E. J. Engberg 44-GIE-EJE.pdf
1945 Problem of Controlling Tuberculosis in Public Institution E. J. Engberg 45-PCT-EJE.pdf
1945 Teach Me A Guide for Parent of Subnormal Children Mental Health Unit, Division of Public Institutions 45-TMG-Publicwelfare.pdf
1946 In-Service Training for Employees of Institutions for Mental Defectives E. J. Engberg 46-IST-FJE.pdf
1947 Supervising Authority for State Hospitals Mildred Methven 47-methven-sup-auth-st-hosp.pdf
1947 Summary of Conditions in State Hospitals for the Mentally Ill MN Unitarian Conference Committee 47-mn-dpw-summ-conditions.pdf
1948 Institute on Mental Deficiency, November 1948 University of Minnesota 48-IMD-UOM.pdf
1948 Mental Health Program Press Release Governor Luther W. Youngdahl 48-MHP-LWY.pdf
1948 Radio Statement on Mental Health Governor Luther W. Youngdahl 48-SMH-LWY.pdf
1948 Radio Statement on Mental Hospitals Governor Luther W. Youngdahl 48-RSM-LWY.pdf
1949 Minnesota Mental Health Policy Act MN Legislature 49-MMH-LEG.pdf
1949 The Challenging New Frontier in Mental Health Governor Luther W. Youngdahl 49-CNF-LWY.pdf
1949 Statement by Gov. Youngdahl at the Burning of Restraints Governor Luther W. Youngdahl 49-SGL-Youngdahl.pdf
1906-1937 Table of Contents – Quarterly Conferences MN Board of Control 06-TOC-MBC.pdf
Quarterly Conferences – State Board of Control – Presentations

Introductory Note – Quarterly Conferences of the Board of Control

In 1901 the Legislature, with the support of Governor Van Sant, established the Board of Control "to manage, control and govern" the School for the Feeble-Minded at Faribault, the state hospitals, and other state institutions. Minnesota Laws 1901, chapter 122. Both the boards of trustees that had responsibility for those institutions and the Board of Corrections and Charities were abolished. For the first time there was a central board to govern the institutions, which had authority similar to that currently exercised by the Department of Human Services. The Board was abolished in 1939 with the creation of the state Department of Social Security. Minnesota Laws 1939, chapter 439.

Section 3 of the 1901 law required the Board to meet in conference on a regular basis with the superintendents, wardens, and other executive officers of the institutions for which it had jurisdiction to discuss questions of management and how to secure economical management. The law required that minutes of these conferences be made and preserved.

With an Eye to the Past includes most of the presentations and comments at these conferences by persons from the School for the Feeble-Minded at Faribault, the Colony for Epileptics at Cambridge, and the Minnesota State Hospital for Crippled and Deformed Children, as well as presentations and discussions relating to persons with developmental disabilities. Also included are copies of the complete Table of Contents and Indexes.

The first of these Quarterly Conferences was held on July 30, 1901. The typewritten papers from the conferences from 1901 to May 1909 were bound in five numbered volumes which are at the Minnesota Historical Society. Box 109.F.13.9(B). Starting in 1906, the papers and proceedings were printed in the Quarterly Bulletin of the Board of Control. (There is some overlap from 1906 to 1909, with the proceedings available at the Historical Society in both forms.) The first two volumes of the printed Bulletin were numbered I and II. The November 1907 volume was numbered Volume VII, reflecting the fact that there were earlier volumes of the bound papers.

In her 1934 Comments on History of Board of Control included here, Blanch L. La Du stated, erroneously, that the first of the quarterly conferences were held five years after the Board of Control was established. Apparently, the bound typewritten papers were not available to her.

The published Quarterly Bulletin of the Board of Control is available at the University of Minnesota and Minnesota Historical Society libraries. The bound typewritten papers are available at the Minnesota Historical Society.

1906 Cumulative Index – Quarterly Conferences MN Board of Control 06-IND-MBC.pdf
1906 Table of Contents – Quarterly Conferences 1906-1937 MN Board of Control 06-TOC-MBC
1920 Comments on Preventive Medicines W.A. Errickson, F.U. Davis 20-CPM-WAE.pdf
1920 Institution Service Personnel G.C.Hanna 20-ISP-GCH.pdf
1920 Minnesota's Work for Crippled Children Elizabeth McGregor 20-MWC-ENM.pdf
1920 The Operation of the Wisconsin Sterilization Law A.L. Beier 20-OWS-ALB.pdf
1920 What the Public Schools are Doing for Subnormal Children Samuel A. Challman 20-WPS-SAC.pdf
1923 Epilepsy as a Curable Disease Joseph C. Michael 23-ECD-JCM.pdf
1923 Epilepsy Charles R. Ball 23-EPI-CRB.pdf
1923 A State Census of Mental Defectives F. Kuhlmann 23-SCM-FNK.pdf
1923 What Science Can Do for the Feebleminded Charles R. Ball 23-WSC-CRB.pdf
1924 The Housing of Mentally Defective Girls E.H. McIntosh 24-HDM-EHM.pdf
1924 Occupational Efficiency of the Mentally Defective G. C. Hanna 24-OEM-GCH.pdf
1925 The Menace of the Feebleminded G.C.Hanna 25-GCH-MFM.pdf
1925 Heredity George M. Higgins 25-HDT-GMH.pdf
1925 Mental Tests Smiley Blanton 25-MTS-SNB.pdf
1926 A Partial Survey of Children Treated for Infantile Paralysis at Gillette State Hospital Elizabeth McGregor 26-PSC-ENM.pdf
1927 A Brief Resume of Minnesota's Institutional Program for Its Handicapped Wards C.J. Swendsen 27-BRM-CJS.pdf
1927 Comments on Commitment of Feebleminded Persons Blanch La Du and others 27-CCF-BLD.pdf
1927 History of the Minnesota State Conference of Social Work and the Part the Institutions of the State Have Had in Its Program Galen A. Merrill 27-HMS-GAM.pdf
1927 The State's Program for the Feeble-Minded Frederick Kuhlmann 27-SPF-FNK.pdf
1928 Comments on Meals at Faribault J.M. Murdoch 28-CMF-JMM.pdf
1928 A Clinic – Types of Feeble-Mindedness D.E. McBroom 28-CTF-DEM.pdf
1928 Group Study on the Ketogenic Diet in Epilepsy-Preliminary Report Theodora Wheeler 28-GSK-TNW.pdf
1928 Heredity as a Factor in Feeble-Mindedness J.M. Murdoch 28-HFF-JMM.pdf
1928 The Institution – Minnesota School for Feeble-Minded J.M. Murdoch 28-IMS-JMM.pdf
1928 The State's Care of Crippled Children C.C. Chatterton 28-SCC-CCC.pdf
1929 Comments on Admission to Cambridge D.E. McBroom 29-CAC-DEM.pdf
1929 Comments on Admission to Faribault J.M. Murdoch 29-CAF-JMM.pdf
1929 Comments on Admission to Gilette Elizabeth McGregor 29-CAG-ENM.pdf
1929 Juvenile Delinquency F.W. Guilford, District Court Judge 29-JVD-FWG.pdf
1930 Comments on Food at Cambridge D.E. McBroom 30-CFC-DEM.pdf
1930 Food Problems in State Institutions - or - Fundamental Principles Involved in the Organization and Construction of an Institution for the Feebleminded J. M. Murdoch 30-FPS-JMM.pdf
1931 Comments on Development of Cambridge Blanch La Du 31-CDC-BLD.pdf
1931 Comments by People from the City of Cambridge Various 31-CPC-PCC.pdf
1931 Epilepsy D.E. McBroom 31-EPI-DEM.pdf
1931 Graphic Representation of Incidence of Seizures in Epileptic Patients Theodora Wheeler 31-GRI-TNW.pdf
1931 The Prevalence of Feeble-Minded in Minnesota, The Methods of Dealing with Them, and Prevention Frederick Kuhlmann 31-PFM-FNK.pdf
1932 Ambulatory Apparatus W.H. Von der Weyer 32-AMB-WHW.pdf
1932 Apparatus as Used Pre-Ambulatory G.A. Williamson 32-AUP-GAW.pdf
1932 Demonstration of Surgical Results in Infantile Paralysis of the Lower Extremities Wallace H. Cole 32-DSR-WHC.pdf
1932 General Outline of Treatment, Demonstration of Surgical Methods used for Extremities and Spine and Results C. C. Chatterton 32-GOT-CCC.pdf
1932 History of Gillette State Hospital Blanch La Du 32-HGS-BLD.pdf
1932 Modern Trends in Education of Interest to Institution Schools Julius Boraas 32-MTE-JNB.pdf
1932 Organization of the State Board of Control and Something of its Early History S. W. Leavitt 32-OSB-SWL.pdf
1932 Physiotherapy Department – Gillette State Hospital M. Denny 32-PDG-MND.pdf
1932 State Board of Control Law S.R. Van Sant 32-SBC-SRV.pdf
1933 Comments on Impact of (Economic) Depression on Institutions Blanche L. La Du 33-CID-BLD.pdf
1933 A Century of Progress F. Kuhlmann 33-COP-FNK.pdf
1933 The Effect of Economic Conditions on Colony and Parole Plans for the Feeble-Minded Charles Bernstein 33-EEC-CNB.pdf
1933 Food Service in State Institutions Eda Ferbert 33-FSS-ENF.pdf
1933 Modern Trends in Education of Interest to Institution Schools Julius Boraas 33-MTE-JNB.pdf
1933 Special Educational Facilities for Handicapped Children in Minnesota Kenneth Nilson 33-SEF-KNN.pdf
1934 Comments on History of Board of Control Blanche L. La Du 34-CHB-BLD.pdf
1934 The Help Welfare Workers May Expect from State Institutions Mildred Thompson 34-HWW-MNT.pdf
1934 Panel Discussion on Housekeeping in Institutions Superintendents 34-PDH-SUP.pdf
1934 Panel Discussion on Repairs Superintendents 34-PDR-SUP.pdf
1934 What Information May Be Passed On to Other Agencies? Geo H. Freeman 34-WIM-GHF.pdf
1935 Intelligence Tests Frederick Kuhlmann 35-ITS-FNK.pdf
1935 Panel Discussion on Outstanding Accomplishments at State Institutions During the Past Year Superintendents 35-PDO-SUP.pdf
1935 a Study of the Incidence of Tuberculosis in State Institutions in Minnesota H.A. Burns 35-SIT-HAB.pdf
1935 What Shall We Do with Blind Mentally Retarded Children? J.M. Murdoch 35-WSE-JMM.pdf
1936 Discussion about Chaplains at Institutions Superintendents 36-DCI-SUP.pdf
1936 The Feeble Minded Outside of the Institution Mildred Thompson 36-FMO-MNT.pdf
1936 The Minnesota School for Feeble Minded J.M. Murdoch 36-MSF-JMM.pdf
1936 Presentation of Types of the Mentally Deficient A.R.T. Wylie 36-PTM-ARW.pdf
1937 Comments on Clothing Provided on Discharge D.E. McBroom 37-CPD-DEM.pdf
1937 Resume of Medical Survey of State Institutions Theodore H. Sweetser 37-RSM-THS.pdf
1938 Heredity and the Transmission of Hereditary Characteristics E. J. Engberg 38-HTH-EJE.pdf
1945 Amendment to Standards: Special Classes for Handicapped Children MN Dept. of Education 45-ATS-DEPTED.pdf
Minnesota State Conference of Social Work – Proceedings

Introductory Note – State Conference of Social Work

In 1920, the name of the State Conference of Charities and Corrections was changed to the State Conference of Social Work. The members of this Conference included state and county officials and employees, officers and employees of private institutions and societies, and citizens interested in social issues. Presentations were made at the annual conference on a wide variety of issues. With an Eye to the Past includes excerpts from those proceedings from 1920 through 1934 pertaining to persons with developmental disabilities or presented by persons from the School for the Feeble-Minded at Faribault. These Proceedings are available at the University of Minnesota and Minnesota Historical Society libraries.

1921 Minnesota's Duties to Her Subnormals Frederick Kuhlmann 21-MDH-FNK.pdf
1921 The Mental Deficiency Phase of Social Problems Mary E. Bryne 21-MDP-MEB.pdf
1921 A State Program for Mental Defectives Agnes Crawley 21-SPM-ANC.pdf
1921 Subnormality and Social Problems Frederick Kuhlmann 21-SSP-FNK.pdf
1923 New Laws Relating to the Feeble-Minded and Some Statistics Agnes Crawley 23-NLR-AND.pdf
1923 What Can Be Done for the Extra-Institutional Cases Ann S. Litowitz 23-WCB-ASL.pdf
1924 Delinquency and Feeble-Mindedness E. K. Wickman 24-DFM-EKW.pdf
1926 Feeble-Mindedness as a Problem for the State Mildred Thomson 26-FMP-MNT.pdf
1926 Problems Relating to the Work of the Feeble-Minded Mildred Thomson 26-PRW-MNT.pdf
1927 The State's Program for the Feeble-Minded Frederick Kuhlmann 27-SPF-FNK.pdf
1928 Comments on Meals at Faribault J.M. Murdoch 28-CMF-JMM.pdf
1929 A Demonstration of Mental Testing Mildred Thomson 29-DMT-MNT.pdf
1929 The Feeble-Minded J. M. Murdoch 29-TFM-JMM.pdf
1929 The Epileptic D. D. McBroom 29-TNE-DEM.pdf
1934 The Progress in the Care of the Feeble-Minded Frederick Kuhlmann 34-PCF-FNK.pdf
Problems of Feeble-Mindedness 1934-35
1934 Crime, Delinquency, and Feeble-Mindedness George B. Vold 34-CDF-GBV.pdf
1934 The Care, Management and Treatment of Mental Defectives J.M. Murdoch 34-CMT-JMM.pdf
1934 A Continuative Census and Registration of the Feeble-Minded Frederick Kuhlmann 34-CRR-FNK.pdf
1934 Feeblemindedness as a Public School Problem A.I. Heggerston 34-FPS-AIH.pdf
1934 Heredity and Feeble-Mindedness D.E. Minnich 34-HFM-DEM.pdf
1934 Some Neurological Aspects of Feeble-Mindedness J. Charnley McKinley 34-NAF-JCM.pdf
1934 The Neglect of Children as Related to Feeble-Mindedness Florence S. Davis 34-NCR-FSD.pdf
1934 The Problems of the Feebleminded I G. Lamb 34-PFM-GNL.pdf
1934 The Problems of the Feebleminded II M. Manifold 34-PFM-MNM.pdf
1934 The Problems of the Feebleminded III Chas. E. Dow 34-PFM-CED.pdf
1934 The Problems of the Feebleminded IV Howard R. Hush 34-PFM-HRH.pdf
1934 The Problems of the Feeble-Minded from the Standpoint of an Institution H.E. Hegstrom 34-PFM-HEH.pdf
1934 The Problem of the Feeble-Minded in the School S. Alan Challman 34-PFM-SAC.pdf
1934 Report of Testing of a Group of Families Given Relief in 1929 Edna Dumaresq. 34-RTG-END.pdf
1934 Summary of the Following Papers Caroline Perkins 34-SFP-CNP.pdf
1934 The Problem of the Feeble-Minded John J. Doyle 35-PFM-JJD.pdf
1935 Delinquency and Feeble-Mindedness. A Reply to Vold. Frederick Kuhlmann 35-DFM-FNK.pdf
1935 Education of the Feeble-Minded in the Home Florence L. Goodenough 35-EFM-FLG.pdf
1935 The Institutional Point of View in the Care of the Feeble-Minded D.E. McBroom 35-IPV-DEM.pdf
1935 Problem of Feeble-Mindedness as a Whole Louise M. Clevenger 35-PFM-LMC.pdf
1935 Provisions for Mental Defectives in Some of the Other States Frederick Kuhlmann 35-PMD-FNK.pdf
1935 The School's Part in the Management of Mental Defectives S. Alan Challman 35-SPM-SAC.pdf
1936 A Review of the Laws of Minnesota Relating to the Feeble-Minded Mildred Thomson 35-RLM-MNT.pdf
1963 Background Information from Thomson's "Prologue" (Excerpt, Page 96) Mildred Thomson 63-BIT-MNT.pdf
Minnesota Bedlam Series (1948), Geri Hoffner, Minneapolis Morning Tribune Reporter

In 1948, Geri Hoffner, a reporter for the Minneapolis Morning Tribune, wrote a series of articles, entitled "Minnesota Bedlam." After methodically visiting Minnesota's state institutions. she wrote about the people she saw and the conditions she found. In very graphic terms, she described the scenes she came upon as ones "…that haunt you for a very long time…a stockpile of people… with very little treatment of any kind." Arthur Hager, photographer, accompanied Geri on these visits.

Watch the Video Interview with Geri Joseph >>

Geri Hoffner, reporter, and Art Hager, photographer for the Minneapolis Star and Tribune, lived in Minnesota's state institutions for three weeks, talking with the people housed there and viewing the unfathomable conditions that surrounded them. For the "Minnesota Bedlam" and "Minnesota Bedlam Revisited" series, Geri Hoffner received a Sigma Delta Chi citation for distinguished reporting.

1948 Mentally Ill Need Care, Get Little Besides Custody, May 13, 1948 Geri Hoffner 48-MIC-GHT.pdf
1948 Mental Patients Sit in Untidy Loneliness, May 14, 1948 Geri Hoffner 48-MPL-GHT.pdf
1948 Attendants Hoe Hard Row, May 15, 1948 Geri Hoffner 48-AHR-GHT.pdf
1948 Mentally Ill Get Little Help Geri Hoffner 48-MIH-GHT.pdf
1948 Patients Fed 8-Cent Meals, May 18, 1948 Geri Hoffner 48-PFM-GHT.pdf
1948 Chains Don't Cure Minds, May 19, 1948 Geri Hoffner 48-CCN-GHT.pdf
1948 "TB" Strikes Hard at Mentally Ill, May 20, 1948 Geri Hoffner 48-TBS-GHT.pdf
1948 Makeshifts Mark Hospitals' Care, May 21,1948 Geri Hoffner 48-MMC-GHT.pdf
1948 State Put to Shame by U.S. Mental Care, May 22, 1948 Geri Hoffner 48-SHC-GHT.pdf
1948 Hospital Needs Put at $6,000,000, May 24, 1948 Geri Hoffner 48-HNM-GHT.pdf
1948 Patients Need Sympathy, May 25, 1948 Geri Hoffner 48-PNS-GHT.pdf
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