Pete Benner, Executive Director, American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), Council 6.
Part 1: Planning for Closures
Part 2: The Beginning of State Operated Community Services
Part 3: Stakeholder Compromise
Milt Conrath, Dakota County Administrator, speaks of his early years in the field.
Part 1: Poor Conditions at Greenbrier Home
Part 2: Giving Up Your Child in Order to Receive Services
Luther Granquist, with Anne Henry, both of the Minnesota Disability Law Center, served as plaintiff counsel in the Welsch case.
Part 1: The 45th Anniversary of the Welsch Case Beginning
Part 2: Lack of Individual Assessment and Structured Activity at Cambridge
Anne Henry of the Minnesota Disability Law Center, worked with Luther Granquist on the Welsch case.
Part 1: Restraint and Seclusion at State Hospitals
Part 2: Dehumanization Practices
Part 3: Getting Children out of Institutions
Miriam Karlins, former official of the Department of Public Welfare, worked with medical director, David Vail, to eliminate dehumanizing practices in state institutions.
Part 1: Discharge Planning
Part 2: Dehumanization Occurs in All Types of Settings
Part 3: Changes Brought on by the Ward Living Conditions Survey
Bruce Johnson headed an interagency task force on state hospital closings.
Part 1: A Catalyst of Deinstitutionalization
Part 2: The Closure Czar’s Recollections
Part 3: The Complexity of Closure Negotiations
John Johnson, institutionalized from the age of 5 to age 60, now lives independently and works at an area restaurant.
Part 1: Life at Faribault and Owatonna Institutions
Part 2: One of the First Former Residents Who Lived and Worked Independently
Geri Joseph, reporter for the Minneapolis Morning Tribune, did a series of articles on the institutions in 1948 and 1950.
Part 1: Appalling Conditions
Part 2: Geri Joseph Looks Back
Part 3: 1948 Conditions
Len Levine served as Commissioner of the Department of Human Services and worked on the transition to state operated community services.
Part 1: Transitioning into the Community
Part 2: The Team of Governor Rudy Perpich and DHS Commissioner Len Levine
Part 3: The Administration on Developmental Disabilities Awards the Radisson Hotel an Employment Award
Part 4: DHS Commissioner Len Levine Recalls Changes in the 1980s
Toni Lippert speaks of her work at the Metropolitan Council as the regional planner for developmental disabilities.
Part 1: Special Education for All
Part 2: Establishing Group Homes
Part 3: Group Home Oppposition
Sam Newlund, Minneapolis Star Tribune reporter, with photographer Earl Seubert produced an expose in the 1960s about conditions at Faribault State Hospital.
Part 1: Unannounced Visit and the Exposé of Faribault State Hospital
Part 2: Comparing Kansas and Minnesota Conditions
Part 3: A Reporter’s First Hand Account
Al Quie, former Minnesota Governor, reminisces about the 1956 Legislative Commission and his years of service in Congress, and discusses the future of special education.
Part 1: Coming Together in a Legislative Commission
Part 2: Building a Coalition in Congress
Part 3: Special Education in the Future
Maynard Reynolds, former Chair, University of Minnesota Dept. of Special Education, speaks of his role with an interim legislative commission to study the needs and problems in Special Education
Watch: The Interim Legislative Commission on Special Education
John Rynders, Professor, University of Minnesota, describes the innovative Project EDGE on Down Syndrome he directed.
Part 1: Project EDGE on Down Syndrome
Part 2: University Experts Visit Cambridge
Jerry Walsh, first executive director of Arc Minnesota, described the major reasons they succeeded in gaining additional funds for staffing at institutions.
Watch: Funding for Staff
Lyle Wray served as the first court appointed monitor for the Welsch case.
Part 1: The Magnitude of Change
Part 2: The Impact of the Parent Movement
Molly Woerhlin, past President of Arc Minnesota
Part 1: Parent Advocacy in the 1960s
Part 2: Visiting State Hospitals with Legislators
Part 3: The Role of Parents and the Sense of Urgency
Eleanor Welsch, mother of Patty Welsch, whose parents filed the landmark federal suit over lack of care at Cambridge State Hospital.
Part 1: The Beginning of the Welsch Case from a Mother’s Viewpoint
Part 2: The Cambridge Experience
Part 3: Group Homes are a “Godsend”
Minnesota's Housing Access Services program is successful in working with individuals with disabilities to find a home of their own in the community.