skip to content
Primary navigation

The Trust Principal


The principal (or “corpus”) of the Permanent School Fund (PSF) consists of cash generated from activities on school trust lands. The Minnesota Constitution prohibits the principal from being spent—the state must hold it in trust forever.

The principal is invested to produce a growing level of spendable income within the constraints of maintaining adequate portfolio quality and liquidity. New investment policies enacted in 1997 allow the principal to be invested in a balanced portfolio of common stocks and bonds. Common stocks provide the potential for significant capital appreciation, while bonds provide portfolio diversification and a more stable stream of current income.

The State Board of Investment (SBI) manages the financial assets of the Permanent School Fund. The stock segment is passively managed to track the performance of the S&P 500. The bond segment is actively managed to add incremental value through sector, security and yield curve decisions. The fixed income benchmark is the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate. The total fund benchmark is a combination of the fixed income and equity benchmarks, weighted according to the total fund asset allocation targets of 2% cash, 50% equity, and 48% fixed income. The actual asset mix fluctuates.

During the past ten years, the market value of the fund principal increased from $1.2 billion to $2.1 billion as of March 31, 2024. These financial investments generate annual income from interest and dividends, which is allocated semi-annually to Minnesota's public school districts and charter schools on a per-pupil basis.
Permanent School Fund Value 2015-2024 SBI PSF Performance Report March 2024 

Information on this page last updated 06/19/24.

back to top