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Minnesota Electric Vehicle charging

Minnesota electric vehicles

As electric vehicle (EV) [1] sales grow, the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission (Commission) expects to support transportation electrification through affordable, economic electric utility service for plug-in EVs. 

The Commission made a series of findings in its Investigation into Electric Vehicle Charging and Infrastructure (Docket No. E999/CI-17-879) and found electrification of Minnesota’s transportation sector is in the public interest. Specifically, the Commission found that transportation electrification can:

  • Promote affordable, economic electric utility service by improving utility system utilization/efficiency and placing downward pressure on utility rates through increased utility revenues and better grid utilization.

  • Grow renewable energy use by increasing electricity demand during hours when renewable energy is most prevalent on the system and developing tariffs that correlate renewable energy resources to EV charging.

  • Reduce statewide greenhouse gas and other harmful emissions.

The Commission has approved several pilots and other programs to advance efficient transportation electrification. These programs include utility owned direct current fast chargers, off-peak charging rate programs, residential charger financing, multi-family dwelling unit pilots to bring charging access to those who do not own their own residence, commercial and business charging rates for large fleets with unique charging needs. 

If community members are looking to engage in the Commission’s work on these topics, you may submit a comment or directly in an individual docket via eDockets.  The transportation electrification planning process where a utility describes their forward-looking electric vehicle plans for the Commission has recently been integrated into the Integrated Distribution Planning documents. The transportation electrification plans were opened to gain a better understanding of the impacts of electric vehicles on the grid system, on utilities, and on customers, as well as how utility regulatory policy can improve upon the transportation charging systems and rates. 


Electric Vehicles in Minnesota

As of January 2023 over 34,000 electric vehicles were registered in the State of Minnesota. 

The PUC provides a breakdown of electric vehicle registrations by electric utility service territory, along with more granular data by city, zip code, and vehicle make/model. These data are obtained from the Minnesota Department of Vehicle Services. The PUC provides five EV data vintages here, each is a snapshot of registrations for the identified month:

2018 MN EV Registration Data (Data pulled April 2019)

2019 MN EV Registration Data (Data pulled February 2020)

2020 MN EV Registration Data (Data pulled February 2021)

2021 MN EV Registration Data (Data pulled December 2021)

2022 MN EV Registration Data (Data pulled January 2023)

EV Specific Dockets

Below is a list of dockets where utilities have asked for Commission approval of EV programs. EVs are referenced in other utility proceedings, including Integrated Resource Planning (IRP) and Integrated Distribution System Planning (IDP) among others.

Docket Number

Description

Utility

12-874

Residential Electric Vehicle Service

Dakota Electric Association

15-111

Residential Electric Vehicle Charging Tariff

Xcel Energy

15-112

Off-Peak Electric Vehicle Rider

Otter Tail Power

15-120

Residential Electric Vehicle Service

Minnesota Power

17-817

Residential EV Service Pilot

Xcel Energy

17-879

Inquiry into Electric Vehicle Charging and Infrastructure

All investor owned utilities

18-643

EV Infrastructure Pilots

Xcel Energy

19-186

Residential EV Subscription Pilot

Xcel Energy

19-337

EV Commercial Charging Pilot

Minnesota Power

19-559

Home EV Service Offering

Xcel Energy

20-181

EV Portfolio

Otter Tail Power

20-638

Residential EV Portfolio

Minnesota Power

20-711

Multi-Dwelling Unit EV Service Pilot

Xcel Energy

20-745

COVID Recovery EV Portfolio

Xcel Energy

21-101

Load Flexibility Portfolio

Xcel Energy

21-127

Non-Residential and Multi-Family EV Rate Pilots

Dakota Electric Association

21-257

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

Minnesota Power

22-267

Commission Consideration of Measures to Promote Greater Electrification of the Transportation Sector Under the Federal Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act of 2021

Rate Regulated Electric Utilities

22-432

EV Portfolio (Public Charging Network, Electric School Bus Pilot, & Program Modifications)

Xcel Energy

22-592

Virtual Metered EV Rate Pilot

Dakota Electric Association

Updated October 2023

Relevant EV Statutes:

The Legislature has taken steps to facilitate the adoption of EVs in Minnesota.

Minn. Stat. 216B.02, Subd. 4 exempts entities that sell electricity for EV charging from regulation as a public utility, which allows non-utilities to develop and operate charging infrastructure.

Minn. Stat 216B.1614 requires each public utility to have a rate specifically designed for EV charging that offers time-of-day or off-peak rates to customers who own EVs.



[1] Minn. Stat. § 169.011, subd. 26a, defines “electric vehicle” as “a motor vehicle that is able to be powered by an electric motor drawing current from rechargeable storage batteries, fuel cells, or other portable sources of electrical current, and meets or exceeds applicable regulations in Code of Federal Regulations, title 49, part 571, and successor requirements.” The definition includes a neighborhood electric vehicle, a medium-speed electric vehicle, and a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.

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