With An Eye to the Past -1940s to 1950s
Introduction 1940's to 50's 1960's 1970's 1980's 1990's
Backwards Slide 3 of 27 Forward

The findings described in Hoffner's series included: Extreme overcrowding, poor sanitary conditions, inedible food, over-reliance on restraints, and severe understaffing.

Hoffner noted that in some institutions, so many residents were forced to sleep in a single bed that the only way to get out was to climb over the footboard.



Row of Beds
Quarters were so overcrowded that
residents had to crawl over the
footboards to get in and out of bed.
Return to "With an Eye to the Past"       Return to Council Home Page
The Minnesota
Council on

370 Centennial 
Office Building
658 Cedar St.
St. Paul, MN
Toll-free number:
MN Relay Service:
800-627-3529 OR 711
Fax: 651-297-7200
View Privacy Policy
An Equal Opportunity Employer
The GCDD is funded under the provisions of P.L. 106-402. The federal law also provides funding to the Minnesota Disability Law Center, the state Protection and Advocacy System, and to the Institute on Community Integration, the state University Center for Excellence. The Minnesota network of programs works to increase the IPSII of people with developmental disabilities and families into community life.
Admin Minnesota
Digital Government Achievement Award 2007 Winner
Digital Government Achievement Award 2012 Winner