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In 1948, an extensive newspaper exposé in the Minneapolis Morning Tribune detailed the living conditions in seven Minnesota state mental institutions – Fergus Falls, Moose Lake, Willmar, Anoka, Hastings, St. Peter and Rochester – and brought the issue to public attention.

Geri Hoffner, more well-known as Geri Joseph, published a 10-part report on the deplorable conditions in the state's mental institutions.

Remarkably, the report, which was critical of the current system, was created with Governor Youngdahl's full support and approval.

Geri Joseph

Geri Joseph, reporter for the Minneapolis Morning Tribune, did a series of articles on the institutions in 1948 and 1950.

Part 1: Appalling Conditions

Part 2: Geri Joseph Looks Back  

Part 3: 1948 Conditions

Geri Hoffner
Geri Hoffner's exposé created a public outcry.