skip to content
Primary navigation
Feature image for Business Pulse Survey

Business Pulse Survey

Measures the changes in business conditions on our nation's small businesses during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Click here to visit the Business Pulse Survey

What is the Business Pulse Survey?

The Small Business Pulse Survey (Business Pulse) measured the effect of changing business conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic on our nation’s small businesses. Data were collected for this survey from April 2020 to April 2022.

Business Pulse complements existing U.S. Census Bureau data collections by providing high-frequency, detailed information on the challenges small businesses faced during the Coronavirus pandemic as well as their participation in federal programs such as the Paycheck Protection Program.

The survey includes information small business operations and finances, requests and receipt of assistance, and measures of overall well-being and expectations for recovery. Data are available by sector and state for the fifty most populous Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs).

Survey results give local, state, and federal officials essential real-time data to aid in policy and decision-making. In addition, the information may aid businesses in making economic decisions and assist researchers studying the effects of the pandemic.

Business Pulse survey results are experimental data products and are subject to suppression based on overall response and disclosure avoidance thresholds. Data products may not meet some of the Census Bureau’s statistical quality standards.
back to top