With An Eye to the Past - 1960s - Building the Momentum
Introduction 1940s to 50s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
Backwards Slide 11 of 30 Forward

An August 1964 study showed that half of the state's more than 6,350 residents were assigned jobs in institutions, raising the issue of "institutional peonage."

Institutional peonage is work, servitude or slavery in exchange for protection.

By law, a person with mental retardation could earn no more than $1 a month. Replacing institutionalized residents with civil service employees would require more than 900 additional positions at a cost of $2.4 million.


Harvesting Corn
Residents of state institutions worked at a
variety of jobs for a mere $1 a month,
raising concerns about institutional peonage.
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