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The mid 1970s saw the beginning of a movement to close state institutions.

In 1971, there were 365 institutions in the United States. By 2004, there were 186.

Rosewood Center in Owings Mills, Maryland was among the closures. Established in 1888 and over the next 80 years, the name changed but it remained a state institution until January 15, 2008, when the State of Maryland announced its closure.


Also by the mid 1970s there were a wide variety of community residential approaches and ways of funding them.

In 1975, the President's Committee developed a profile of community residence for children and adults (People Live in Houses). It included an array of arrangements, operators and funding sources. View document >>

People Live in Houses