This page presents two measures for parental incarceration: one captured at the time of the child's birth and another from students in grades 8, 9 and 11.
From 2004 to 2012, 4 percent of new mothers reported that they or their partner had been incarcerated within the last year. In 2013, 16 percent of students reported having a parent or guardian that had been to jail or prison.
These numbers vary significantly by race, income, and homeless status. From 2004 to 2012 American Indian mothers were five times more likely to have been in jail or have a partner in jail in the 12 months before the birth of their baby. As of 2013, 8th, 9th, or 11th grade American Indian, black, low income, and homeless students had rates of parental incarceration that were more than double the Minnesota average.
This document (.xlsx) provides the indicator data in table format.