Administering Non-Medical Tests
Employers may administer non-medical, pre-employment tests to job applicants, without first making a conditional offer of employment, provided all the following elements are met:
- The tests are required of all applicants for the same position;
- The tests measure only essential, job-related abilities; and
- The tests accurately measure aptitude or achievement, rather than reflecting an applicant's impaired sensory, manual, or speaking skills — except when those skills are the factors the tests are designed to measure.
Timing an applicant's performance of a job-related task would be a non-medical test, however, measuring an applicant's physiological state — such as blood pressure or heart rate — following a performance test, would likely constitute a medical or physical examination.