Born in Stamford, Ontario, November 19, 1832, the son of a Canadian farmer of Scottish parentage. Attended Jefferson College at Cannonsburg, Pennsylvania, and graduated in 1853. Taught for two years at Morgantown Academy, West Virginia. Admitted to practice in 1857, and soon thereafter moved to Winona, Minnesota. Member of the second Legislature of Minnesota (1859-1860). Served one term as County Attorney for Winona County. In 1874 was elected District Judge, Third Judicial District, reelected in 1880. Appointed Associate Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court by Governor Pillsbury in 1881 to fill one of the two seats created by the Laws of 1881. Served on the court until January 1900. Died at his home in Winona on August 21, 1900.