Born in LeSueur, Minnesota, in 1875. Admitted to practice law in 1897 after graduating from Washington University College of Law at St. Louis. Came to St. Paul in 1905. Assistant Attorney General from 1905 to 1907. Served with the infantry during the Spanish-American War and World War I. Appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court May 25, 1923, elected to the same position November 4, 1924, and reelected in 1930 and in 1936. Died September 13, 1942.