Born in Cooperstown, New York, on May 12, 1826. Attended the public schools, Hartwich Seminary, and a military school. Graduated from Yale in 1847 and 2 years later was admitted to practice. Served as Judge of the United States District Court for northern New York. Came to Minnesota on May 12, 1850, and lived and practiced law in St. Paul. In 1854, moved to Superior, Wisconsin, and accepted appointment as District Attorney for Douglas County. Appointed to the Minnesota Territorial Supreme Court by President Buchanan on April 23, 1857, and served until May 24, 1858, when the territory became a state and the newly elected state officers assumed their duties. In 1858, at the time Minnesota was admitted to the Union, he was appointed United States District Judge for the District of Minnesota, a position he held for 38 years. Died in St. Paul on October 15, 1904.