Born February 21, 1889, Hesper, Iowa. Educated in public schools, Hesper, Iowa, Mabel, Minnesota, and Mechanic Arts High School, St. Paul. Registered as a pharmacist, 1912. LL.B. St Paul College of Law, 1916. Served as an aviator during World War I. Member of American Legion. Trustee, St. Olaf Hospital 22 years, 10 years as Board President. Republican nominee for Governor of Minnesota 1934, 1936. Practiced law at St. Paul 1916 to time of enlistment in World War I, and at Austin, Minnesota, from 1919 to 1944. Appointed District Judge 1944 and elected in 1944 and 1950. Appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1953; elected to succeeding terms. Resigned in 1972. Died May 22, 1979.