Born October 1, 1924, Cloquet, Minnesota. Attended Cloquet public schools; graduate 1948 University of Minnesota Law School. Served in Minnesota House of Representatives 1951 to 1961. Chairman of House Judiciary Committee 1955-1961. Chairman of State Judicial Council. Special Municipal Judge 1961 to 1964. Cloquet City Attorney 1964-1973. Attorney for Duluth Port Authority 1957-1960. Attorney for Western Lake Superior Sanitary District 1971-1973. Appointed Associate Justice of Supreme Court of Minnesota July 3, 1973; reelected subsequently.