Born in Kenyon, Minnesota. Moved to Fergus Falls in 1879. Graduated from Fergus Falls High School in 1884 and from University of Wisconsin College of Law in 1888. Admitted to practice in Minnesota and Wisconsin in 1888. Admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States in 1911. Served as City Attorney of Fergus Falls, 1896-1898; County Attorney of Otter Tail County, 1899-1909; Assistant Attorney General, 1909-1917; Deputy Attorney General April 1917 to March 8,1918, when appointed Attorney General. Elected Attorney General in 1918 and reelected for 4 more two-year terms. Appointed Associate Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court January 1, 1928, and elected for a 6-year term on November 6, 1928. Reelected to two succeeding terms in subsequent years. Died April 5, 1946.