Born near Ottawa, Illinois, March 1851. Attended public school in Ottawa, then Oberlin College, graduating in 1876. In 1879, opened a law office in Fergus Falls, Minnesota. Elected County Attorney, Otter Tail County, serving two terms. In 1891, moved to Duluth and two years later was appointed District Judge, Eleventh Judicial District, a position which he later resigned to return to private practice. Elected Associate Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court for term commencing January 1, 1900. Re-elected in 1906 and served until January 1, 1912. Lived in Wisconsin, Arizona, and California after leaving the bench. Died February 11, 1936.