State law requires certain providers and entities to submit background study requests to the Department of Human Services (DHS). These providers and entities include DHS and Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) licensed programs, certain children's residential treatment services programs licensed by the Department of Corrections (DOC), Personal Care Provider Organizations (PCPO), child foster care providers, counties and agencies assisting people who are seeking to adopt, county probate courts in guardianship and conservatorship cases, the statewide guardian ad litem program, the Board of Behavioral Health and Therapy (BBHT), and Tribal governments in foster care cases, adoption cases, and the Tribal child care center.
Background studies conducted by the DHS are required for staff, volunteers, and contractors who provide direct contact services in certain programs and settings. "Direct contact" means providing face-to-face care, training, supervision, counseling, consultation, or medication assistance to people served in health and human service programs. DHS also completes background studies on others, such as guardians or those planning to adopt a child. State law defines who is required to have a DHS background study and the related processes.
A Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) record check is required for some background studies. In these cases, the background study subject receives written instructions on how to be fingerprinted and how the fingerprints are submitted to DHS. Note: This process is different for people whose background study is initiated in NETStudy 2.0.