Minnesota publicly-owned companies (56) spent $4.7 billion in R&D in 2016 - ranking 13th among states.
On per capita basis $843 the state ranked 14th.
Nearly 100% of R&D expenditures by publicly-owned companies occurred in Minneapolis-St.Paul.
$1.8 billion (3M) Minnesota's top R&D spender among public companies is 3M with 1.8 billion in R&D expenditures or nearly 40 percent of all R&D expenditures by public companies in the state.
Minnesota ranked 17th in R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP 2.50, according to the National Science Foundation. The national share was 2.71.
According to the 2016 state technology and science index by the Milken institute, Minnesota ranked 4th in competitive NSF proposal funding rate and 9th in Industry R&D dollars per Capita.