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2018 American Community Survey

Shape of Minnesota set among charts and graph collage

The U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) is the nation's most comprehensive survey. It provides a multitude of statistics that measure the social, economic and housing conditions of U.S. communities, including data on employment, income, poverty, and health insurance. The Census Bureau released new 2018 ACS data for the nation, all 50 states, and geographic areas with populations of 65,000 or more on September 26, 2019.


Key Findings for Minnesota in 2018    


Minnesotans saw continued gains in full-time work in 2018, according to numbers released today from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey. Overall, the number of part-time workers declined by 88,900 between 2010 and 2018, and the number of Minnesotans holding full-time jobs grew by 296,900. The percentage of Minnesota workers holding full-time, year-round jobs increased to 64%, up from 59% in 2010.

Despite these employment gains, big differences in economic stability across racial and cultural groups remain. In all, 529,000 Minnesotans (including 150,000 children) had incomes below the official poverty threshold in 2018. Rates of poverty remain significantly higher among populations of color and Indigenous people than White residents. In 2018, the povery rate for White non-Hispanic residents was 7% compared to 34% for American Indians, 13% for Asian, 27% for Black, and 19% for Latin(x) Minnesotans.

The numbers do reveal a statistically significant drop in the poverty rate since 2010 among all Minnesotans including for Asian, Black, Latin(x), and White non-Hispanic Minnesotans1.

Employment growth has been strong for the state overall since 2010, but employment gains for populations of color have been particularly robust during this period. The number of Black workers with full time2, year-round jobs and earnings over $35,000 increased to 57,600 workers in 2018 up from from 29,200 in 2010. Among Latin(x) Minnesotans, the number of workers in these jobs more than doubled, from 21,000 in 2010 to 51,200 in 2018. For Asian workers, employment in these jobs rose from 37,700 in 2010 to 71,500 in 20183.

The number of workers of color in Minnesota reached 533,000 in 2018, and now makes up 18% of the state's workforce. State Demographer Susan Brower notes, "Minnesota's workforce is fast becoming more diverse as the older, mostly-White generation retires and a more culturally-diverse, younger generation moves into their early working years." Brower added, "The employment gains that workers of color have experienced this decade reflect Minnesota's growing diversity, but also point to a steady trend toward full-time work with better wages over the decade."

Brower noted, “Since the beginning of the decade, Minnesota has seen clear and steady progress toward greater economic stability for populations of color, but we still have a long way to go.” 

Select Findings by Race and Ethnicity, 2018

Population group

Percent employed (among all persons age 16+)

Unemployment rate (among ages 16+ in the labor force)

Median household income (all households, regardless of size)

 Percent in poverty (all ages)

 Percent of children in poverty (ages 0-17)

All Minnesotans

67%

3%

$70,300

10%

12%

American Indian

49%

14%

$35,100

34%

39%

Asian

69%

4%

$80,900

13%

16%

Black/African American

66%

8%

$36,800

27%

33%

Hispanic (of any race)

72%

6%

$50,200

19%

23%

White, not-Hispanic

67%

3%

$73,600

7%

6%

 

Poverty by Racial and Ethnic Group, Minnesota 2010 and 2018

 

2010

2018

2010-2018 Statistical Significance

Poverty Rate

All Minnesotans

12%

10%

***

American Indian

40%

34%

 

Asian

18%

13%

***

Black/African American

37%

27%

***

Hispanic (of any race)

24%

19%

***

White, not-Hispanic

8%

7%

***

Number in Poverty

All Minnesotans

    599,516

    529,077

***

American Indian

      21,363

      19,461

*

Asian

      36,521

      34,389

 

Black/African American

      97,622

      96,264

 

Hispanic (of any race)

      59,058

      56,128

 

White, not-Hispanic

    362,636

    304,246

***


NOTES REGARDING TEXT AND TABLE:

1The samples of Indigenous people included in the 2010 and 2018 surveys was too small to determine if the decline in poverty rate was statistically significant.

2Full-time employment is defined as 35 or more hours per week, and year-round employment as 50 or more weeks per year.

3While Indigenous workers were included in the survey, the sample was not large enough to produce a reliable estimate. 

Error margins exist around data points but are not shown. Some numbers are rounded. All race groups refer to individuals identifying as that race "alone", except for the multiracial group. The data from the 2018 ACS estimates were collected in surveys completed between January and December 2018. Income data reflects income received during the past 12 months from the time fo the survey.

*90% confidence level

***99% confidence level

The ongoing, nationwide American Community Survey provides a multitude of valuable statistics that measure the social, economic, and housing conditions of U.S. communities. More than 40 topics are available with the release, such as educational attainment, housing, employment, commuting, language spoken at home, nativity, ancestry, and selected monthly homeowner costs. Additional data are available through the U.S. Census Bureau's data retrieval tool at: data.census.gov

Please email our Helpline with any questions at demography.helpline@state.mn.us

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