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2017 American Community Survey

Shape of Minnesota set among charts and graph collage

The U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) is the nation's most comprehensive survey. It provides a multitude of statistics that measure the social, economic and housing conditions of U.S. communities, including data on employment, income, poverty, and health insurance. The Census Bureau released new 2017 ACS data for the nation, all 50 states, and geographic areas with populations of 65,000 or more on September 13, 2018.

Key Findings for Minnesota in 2017   

Minnesota’s median household income rose in 2017, according to estimates released today from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Between 2016 and 2017 Minnesota’s median household income increased $1,400 in real terms to $68,400, up from $67,000 the prior year. This figure continues the now six-year climb to the highest median household income reported in over a decade for the state. The 2017 data show signs of greater economic stability since 2011 for American Indian, Asian, Black, and Hispanic Minnesota households as well. While American Indian, Black, and Hispanic median household incomes remain significantly lower than White median household income in 2017, the past six years show clear, steady growth for all major racial-ethnic groups.

“The data released today allow us to see how the economic recovery since the Great Recession has played out for different groups of Minnesotans,” said Susan Brower, Minnesota State Demographer. “And while significant disparities in income remain, these data show unmistakable signs of improvement for a wide cross-section of Minnesotans over the past six years.”

“After the Great Recession, economic recovery was slow to take hold for many of Minnesota’s communities of color,” said Susan Brower, Minnesota State Demographer. “The latest data show that a number of small, but clear, signs of greater stability have emerged over the past 6 years.”

Poverty in Minnesota ticked downward to 9.5 percent in 2017, compared with 11.9 percent in 2011. Overall, there are nearly 104,500 fewer Minnesotans living in poverty in 2017 than there were six years earlier . Poverty fell from 37 percent in 2011 to 28 percent in 2017 for Black Minnesotans, the lowest rate in over a decade. Although declines in the rate of poverty were reported for American Indian, Asian, Hispanic, and White Minnesotans between 2011 and 2017, 517,500 Minnesotans, including 150,000 children, still had family incomes below the federal poverty threshold in 2017.

Select 2017 findings by racial and ethnic group, Minnesota

Population group

Percent employed (among all persons 16+)

Unemployment rate (among ages 16+ in the labor force) Median household income (all households, regardless of size)  Percent in poverty (all ages)  Percent of children in poverty (ages 0-17)
All Minnesotans 67% 4% $68,400 10% 12%
American Indian 49% 15% $36,900 29% 31%
Asian 67% 4% $74,800 12% 13%
Black/African American 66% 8% $38,100 28% 36%
Hispanic (of any race) 72% 5% $50,900 19% 24%
White, non-Hispanic 67% 3% $71,900 7% 6%

Explore additional graphs and charts from the 2017 American Community Survey data highlights.

Links to popular 2017 data tables for Minnesota


Notes regarding text and table:

1 "Real" means that the dollars have been inflation-adjusted to have equal earning power across all years. All dollar amounts are presented in 2017 dollars.
2 The annual federal poverty thresholds vary by household size and composition. In 2017, the poverty threshold (line) for 2 parents and 2 children was about $25,000. Click for more thresholds.  

Error margins exist around data points but are not shown. Some numbers are rounded. All findings noted above are statistically significant at the 90% confidence level or higher. All race groups refer to individuals identifying as that race “alone,” except for the multiracial group. The data from the 2017 ACS estimates were collected in surveys completed between January and December 2017. Income data reflects income received during the past 12 months from the time of the survey. More timely surveys have shown continued economic improvements for Minnesota, but the ACS—with a larger sample than any federal or state survey—uniquely allows for investigation into the outcomes for smaller geographies and smaller subgroups.

The ongoing, nationwide American Community Survey provides a multitude of valuable statistics that measure the social, economic and housing conditions of U.S. communities. More than 40 topics are available with the release, such as educational attainment, housing, employment, commuting, language spoken at home, nativity, ancestry and selected monthly homeowner costs. Additional data is available through the U.S. Census Bureau's American FactFinder tool at:

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