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Codes for the Identification of the States and the District of Columbia

Date Issued: Approved by the Minnesota Governor's Council on Geographic Information 12/01/1994

Applicability:

Who cares about these standards?
All developers of public databases containing information about states and related entities

When do they apply? When do they not apply?
This standard has been developed to improve the exchange of public data about states. Use of this standard is mandatory when the following two conditions exist:

  • a state agency is transferring data to another agency, local government, federal agency, the private sector or a public requestor, AND
  • no other previously agreed to historic coding scheme for states has been designated.

Use of this standard is recommended when local governments exchange data, or when any new public databases are being designed that must incorporate a set of state codes. Use by local government, the private sector and the public in general is encouraged, but voluntary. This standard applies to data that are being transferred, and does not restrict how those data are internally stored.

Purpose of these Standards:
The purpose of this standard is to provide a common coding scheme for states. It is intended to be used primarily when data are being transferred between a state agency and some external customer. Its use will improve the shareability of data resources created by Minnesota state and local government by avoiding unnecessary duplication and incompatibilities in the collection, processing and dissemination of data.

Standard Requirements:
This standard provides two sets of codes, numeric and alpha, to be used when representing the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The codes in this standard are equivalent to those used in the Federal Information Processing Standard Publication 5-2 (FIPS PUB 5-2), www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/fip5-2.htm dated May 28, 1987. Codes are shown below.

Codes for the States and the District of Columbia

Name

Numeric Code

Alpha Code

Name

Numeric Code

Alpha Code

Alabama

01

AL

Missouri

29

MO

Alaska

02

AK

Montana

30

MT

Arizona

04

AZ

Nebraska

31

NE

Arkansas

05

AR

Nevada

32

NV

California

06

CA

New Hampshire

33

NH

Colorado

08

CO

New Jersey

34

NJ

Connecticut

09

CT

New Mexico

35

NM

Delaware

10

DE

New York

36

NY

District of Columbia

11

DC

North Carolina

37

NC

Florida

12

FL

North Dakota

38

ND

Georgia

13

GA

Ohio

39

OH

Hawaii

15

HI

Oklahoma

40

OK

Idaho

16

ID

Oregon

41

OR

Illinois

17

IL

Pennsylvania

42

PA

Indiana

18

IN

Rhode Island

44

RI

Iowa

19

IA

South Carolina

45

SC

Kansas

20

KS

South Dakota

46

SD

Kentucky

21

KY

Tennessee

47

TN

Louisiana

22

LA

Texas

48

TX

Maine

23

ME

Utah

49

UT

Maryland

24

MD

Vermont

50

VT

Massachusetts

25

MA

Virginia

51

VA

Michigan

26

MI

Washington

53

WA

Minnesota

27

MN

West Virginia

54

WV

Mississippi

28

MS

Wisconsin

55

WI

Wyoming

56

WY

Compliance:
What constitutes compliance?
Agencies must be capable of translating their data into a form consistent with this standard for the purpose of exchanging data between organizations. Agencies may continue to store data in alternate formats of their choice, provided the capability exists to readily convert them, if requested by a data sharing partner. It is recommended that agencies integrate this standard into new system designs whenever possible.

How will compliance be measured?
Evidence of compliance will be determined based on reports of satisfactory data transfers from receiving state, local and federal agencies, and private sector and citizen customers.

References and Sources of More Information:

Further information about this standard may be obtained from the Minnesota Geospatial Information Office (MnGeo); 300 Centennial Building; 658 Cedar Street; St. Paul, MN 55155 ; phone: 651.201.2499; email: gisinfo.mngeo@state.mn.us.

The U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census maintains the federal standard FIPS 5-2. Inquiries concerning the technical content of that standard should be addressed to: Office of the Chief; Geography Division; Bureau of the Census; Washington, D.C. 20233

Federal Information Processing Standard Publication 5-2 (FIPS PUB 5-2) is available on the Internet at www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/fip5-2.htm