On July 25, 2003, President George W. Bush signed Executive Order 12994 changing the name of the President's Committee on Mental Retardation to the President's Committee for People with Intellectual Disabilities. Madeleine Will, Chair of the President's Committee guided the change in the name of the Committee.
In June 2006, the membership of the American Association on Mental Retardation voted to change the name of the organization to the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Val Bradley, President of AAMR, stated that she could not predict what implications the new name might have on policies regarding intellectual disabilities. Many government policies, including those that determine eligibility for services and even the death penalty, rely on the AAMR definition of mental retardation.
History of Intelligence Testing
An Interactive Tour of Ellis Island:
The IQ Fallacy, Part II: