|Focused on special education services.
||Focuses on strategies to maintain students in general education programs.
|Avoided focusing on the integration of special education services in the general education environment.
||Encourages a general education environment that includes an array of services designed to meet the needs of students with disabilities.
|Relied on a system of labeling, categorizing, and placing students according to disability.
||Emphasizes the unique attributes of each student by requiring non-categorical special education services.
|Supported self-contained and segregated educational programs.
||Supports developing and implementing innovative instructional models that increase the opportunities for students with disabilities to participate in the general education classroom.
|Determined service placement according to category of disability; students often placed outside their home school district.
||Determines service placement according to the unique needs of each student, emphasizing delivery in the home school district.