When they required less support, they stayed where they were, and the support left. People only moved when they wanted to move.

Also during the 1980s a number of initiatives focused on even deeper dimensions to the idea of "home."

When support to people in their own homes is more available, more attention could be placed on issues such as ownership, control of space, security of tenure, and choice about where to live, with whom, and with what support.

Some of the strategies developed in the 1980s to promote greater control by people with disabilities over their housing included:

Photo courtesy Ann Marsden
  • developing and participating in housing cooperatives
  • purchasing homes through housing associations
  • the use of trusts (family trusts, private trusts, community land trusts)
  • the use of housing vouchers and subsidies (HUD Section "8" subsidies, "bridge" subsidies through state, regional and county offices responsible for people with disabilities, and subsidies developed in conjunction with HCBW programs)
  • housing modifications, and
  • creative use of funding sources.