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Residential Setting
Residential Setting
Photos courtesy Ann Marsden

The change in the nature of residential settings during the 1980s reflects a growing commitment to these statements.

There was also a growing commitment to supporting people to live in their own homes, rather than in residential services. In part, this meant designing ways to avoid people having to move when their support needs changed.

Often, the "continuum of service" idea, coupled with various functional assessment and adaptive behavior indexes, required people to "graduate to the next less restrictive environment".

Diagram
Diagram courtesy Robert Perske

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Video: Toni Lippert
In an interview with Ed Skarnulis, Toni Lippert speaks about her views and vision of a service delivery system in Minnesota that incorporates the normalization principles of Wolf Wolfensberger; inclusive learning and living environments; and the beginnings of the concept of self advocacy.