The 1970s: Continued Institutional Investments, Court Orders, Community Living for All, the Emergence of Family Support.

The 1970s began with statements and actions from a variety of sources that reinforced the views of the 1960s.

By the end of the decade, however, a new perspective had emerged. The decade began with statements about which groups of people belonged in institutions.

Court cases and policy debates confirmed the rights of people to treatment in the least restrictive environment. The debate centered on who qualified for what level of restriction.

The decade closed with growing agreement that no one needs an institution. Advocacy efforts focused on establishing and guaranteeing rights, and securing more and more resources for community living alternatives.

Child's hand on fence
Photo courtesy William Bronston, M.D.