By the end of the 1960s, respite care was understood to include the following:

  • Homemaker services – a qualified, trained person comes into the home to provide temporary care. Demonstration projects for homemaker services and Home Training Specialist services were funded by Health, Education and Welfare (Children's Bureau and Division of Mental Retardation).

  • Nursing services – typically through Visiting Nurse Associations or public health departments, nurses provide limited medical or nursing care to individuals and train family members in methods of self-help, nutrition and habilitation techniques.

  • Qualified baby-sitting services – local parent groups sponsor intensive training programs offered by professionals.

  • Out of home services – foster homes, temporary-care homes, family-group homes (4-6 people living with a family), group homes (seven to twelve people) with paid staff support, halfway houses, specialized nursing facilities, and state residential facilities.
Child making cookies with assistance of adult
Photo courtesy William Bronston, M.D.