Some states chose to expand their efforts to return people to the community. For instance, the State of Washington's Group Home Bill authorized the Director of Institutions to place residents of institutions into group homes [maximum size of 20 people] and pay for their continued support.

Between 1966 and 1973, 1,000 residents of Washington's institutions returned to family, independent living, nursing homes, boarding homes, group homes and other sheltered living arrangements. In 1962, a State Hospital in California closed, though the overall population of state institutions continued to rise until 1968.

In 1967, one of New England's first community residences for adults opened under the auspices of a multi-service regional center.

The 1960s ended with a number of organizations reinforcing the dual focus on improving institutions and developing community options.

Women and Closet
Photo courtesy William Bronston, M.D
Don't Forget to Review:
Moments in Disability History

The Right To Be Abroad in the Land