Of the organizations receiving grants, 48% were public agencies, and 52% were non-profit organizations. A non-profit residential facility expanded from 40 to 72 beds.

Under P.L. 88-164, state institutions received funds to construct "community facilities." At the same time, another federal program also stimulated the "improvement of State Institutions."

The Mental Retardation Hospital Improvement Program (HIP) was "a direct grant program specifically designed to stimulate improved services to the mentally retarded in state institutions by demonstrating innovative techniques which can be replicated in that institution or in others."

Between 1964 and 1969 $27 million in HIP funds were used by 110 of the eligible 175 institutions for initiating "innovative program services."

Child Eating
Photo courtesy William Bronston, M.D.