Jerry Walsh, from The Arc of Minnesota quotes Bengt Nirje, Secretary General of the Swedish National Association for Mentally Retarded, as saying:

"The key is trying to achieve the same good standard of life for people with developmental disabilities as we want for people who live in the general society. Our aim is to create the conditions of life as similar or the same as for the rest of the population. You have to do it for human dignity and human decency."

"To Bridge the Gap"
Gerald F. Walsh traveled to several northern European countries to observe services for the people with developmentally disabilities.
Wolf Wolfensberger authored a chapter entitled "Normalizing Activation for the Profoundly Retarded and/or Multiply Handicapped" in An Alternative Textbook in Special Education (Edited by Burton Blatt, Douglas Biklen, and Robert Bogdan, 1977).  Wolf Wolfensberger recounts a trip to Scandinavia.
In preparation of the Program Analysis of Service Systems (PASS) training by Wolf Wolfensberger and Linda Glenn, slides were taken of the leading edge living arrangements. These images are taken in Sweden at group homes that demonstrated typical home environments.

It is against this backdrop that the implications of major changes in federal funding can become clearer.

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