Bringing the provision of services as close as possible to the local community is a basic tenet on which the Panel's recommendations rest.

The idea of "close to the community" was linked to the Scandinavian experience.

Throughout the 1960s, a great deal of attention and praise focused on the Scandinavian approach to residential services.

People were attracted to the fact that residential homes were smaller, located closer to metropolitan areas, generally in residential neighborhoods, and, in the words of Mrs. Hubert H. Humphrey (a member of the President's Committee at the time), "clean, sparkling and beautifully kept." Normalization had been embedded in Swedish law.

Scandinavian Approach
Photo courtesy William Bronston, M.D.