The history of community-based residential services since the end of World War II has involved several major themes:

  • Little support for children and adults to live with their families in the community
  • Recognizing the deplorable conditions in public and private institutions
  • Improving the quality of services for people living in institutions
  • Residual populations
  • Developing community residential alternatives for people leaving institutions
  • Developing community residential alternatives for people wanting to remain in the community
  • Recognizing that everyone can be supported to live in the community
  • Assisting people to have their own homes rather than living in "residential services"
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