In 2003, in a paper for the Office of Disability Employment Policy, the National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability for Youth summarized the lack of progress throughout the 1990s, in spite of the attention given to the issue, in successful transition services for youth:

There continues to be a stubborn dilemma facing youth with disabilities. That is, in spite of supportive legislation and identified effective practices, these youth continue to experience high unemployment as well as insufficient opportunities to obtain competitive employment with the potential of career growth…

Certainly, some youth with disabilities have attained successful careers. Of these, some have benefited from well delivered special education transition services, while others have received timely and appropriately delivered youth employment services; many of these successes reflect both circumstances. Yet, these successes are not the norm. (Continued...)

Two women and a dog
Photo courtesy Ann Marsden