Up until the end of the century, there were six different categories of successful closures in the vocational rehabilitation system. These were:
- Competitive labor market,
- Extended employment (formerly sheltered workshop),
- Self employed,
- Business enterprise program,
- Unpaid family worker.
Typically, the vast majority of successful closures are in competitive employment (85% in FY1998). The second largest, however, were extended (or sheltered) employment closures. The Olmstead decision of 1999 and changes in the Rehabilitation Act eliminated extended employment (sheltered workshop placement) as a successful closure.