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1998 Income Levels

Type of Closure Yearly Income 1998
Extended Employment $2,747
Supported Employment $6,500
Poverty Level for
One-Person Household
$8,050
Non-Supported Employment $10,064
Federal Minimum Wage $10,712
National Yearly Income for
General Population
$29,319

(Gilmore, Schuster, and Butterworth, 2000)

Individual working in the community
Photo courtesy Ann Marsden

The challenge of extending supported employment to more people with severe disabilities, however, remained a challenge. In 1991, the research outlined the nature of the problem. Supported employment programs served only a percentage of the population who could benefit from them. A national survey of day and employment programs found that individuals with severe developmental disabilities, cerebral palsy, and epilepsy accounted for less than 20% of all the people with disabilities receiving supported employment, work adjustment, and on-the-job training services from state VR agencies.

(Kiernan, McGaughey, Lynch, Schalock, & McNally, 1991).