Sheltered Workshops and Day Activity Programs Begin

The President's Committee on Mental Retardation summed up the development of sheltered workshops and day activity programs in the 1950s.

During the early years of the National Association for Retarded Children, much of the effort of many local associations was directed toward conducting demonstration educational programs for school age children with disabilities. With the successful demonstration of educating these children, the public schools began to assume this responsibility for education.

As a result, an interesting situation was created. Many local associations which were organized to provide educational services found that their major purpose was accomplished. Consequently, many associations turned their attention toward other problems—the above school age group with disabilities, the pre-school age group, and those with profound disabilities of all ages. Because of this situation, community provisions for the post-school age groups gained in popularity (PCMR 1972).

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