DISABILITY AND POVERTY
Between 1563 and 1601, Queen Elizabeth of England prompted Parliament to pass a series of laws to take care of the "poor and disadvantaged." These Elizabethan Poor Laws, as they were called, shifted more responsibility to the government for the care of the poor, which included most persons with disabilities. Basic care was provided for the "unemployable poor", almshouses were established for the aged poor, and workhouses were built for vagrants who refused to work. Conditions in these facilities, however, were grim.