VI. The Independent Living Movement 1970 to Present C. Moving Toward Independence
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"Consumer control of the center regarding decision-making, service delivery, management, and establishment of the policy and direction of the center; self-help and self-advocacy; development of peer relationships and peer role models; and equal access of individuals with severe disabilities to society and to all services, programs, activities, resources, and facilities, whether public or private and regardless of the funding source" (Section 725).


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Ed Roberts
testifying at
Section 504
Ed Roberts Testifying

In the ADA [Americans with Disabilities Act], Congress determined, as apparently did the Executive [branch], that section 504 simply was not working as a means of eradicating discrimination and segregation in this country. Congress found that, even though section 504 had been law for seventeen years, "society has tended to isolate and segregate individuals with disabilities, and despite some improvements, such forms of discrimination against individuals with disabilities continue to be a serious and pervasive social problem."

In 1985, the National Council on Disability released a study entitled "Toward Independence." This study highlighted discriminatory programs, practices, and policies that promote and maintain the dependency of people with disabilities on government and society's charity. Congress further studied the status of Americans with disabilities and made the following findings: