VI. The Independent Living Movement 1970 to Present C. Moving Toward Independence
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1988

 

Air Carrier Access Act: Amended the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 to prohibit discrimination against "any otherwise qualified handicapped individual" in the provision of air transportation.

The Civil Aeronautics Board Sunset Act of 1984 also amended the Federal Aviation Act to require the Board to consult with the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board prior to making any revisions in the regulations or procedures related to air carrier access for people with disabilities.

1988

Civil Rights Restoration Act: Clarified that any organization or corporation receiving federal funds may not discriminate in any of their programs.

1988

Fair Housing Act Amendments: Added language to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act to prohibit discrimination against people with disabilities in the sale or rental of housing. Under these amendments, discrimination included refusing to allow people with disabilities to make reasonable accommodations, at their own expense, in order to realize the "full enjoyment of the premises;" refusal to make common areas readily accessible to and useable by people with disabilities; refusal to make reasonable accommodations in rules, policies and services so that people with disabilities have equal opportunity to use and enjoy the premises. Committee reports contain explicit language about how Congress expected these provisions to be interpreted and enforced. For example, local zoning ordinances could not be used to deny housing for people with mental or developmental disabilities.