VI. The Independent Living Movement 1970 to Present C. Moving Toward Independence
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1983

 

Rehabilitation Act Amendments: The Client Assistance Program was established under Title I as a formula grant program. Grants were intended to assist states to inform and advise people with disabilities and other individuals who are receiving rehabilitation services about how to access available benefits, and ensure protection of individual rights through legal, administrative or other remedies.

1983

Voting Accessibility for the Elderly and Handicapped Act: Ensured that all polling places are accessible.

1986

Protection and Advocacy for Mentally Ill Individuals: Established a formula grant program for statewide mental health advocacy services. These services could be operated directly by or contracted through the state protection and advocacy system; and are intended to protect and advocate for the rights of people with mental illness, and investigate incidents of abuse and neglect.

1986

Rehabilitation Act Amendments: Required states to show that policies exist regarding the order in which individuals are selected to receive services ("order of selection" process) and to justify those policies; include in the state plan a plan for youth transition to employment; and reflect how the supported employment program would be implemented in the state. The definition of "severe handicap" was amended to include both functional and categorical criteria, and a definition of "employability" was added.