VI. The Independent Living Movement 1970 to Present C. Moving Toward Independence
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Centers for Independent Living have a majority of people with disabilities on their governing boards. They also hire qualified people with disabilities to fill management and other staff positions.


Following are legislative milestones in the movement toward independence for persons with disabilities:


Architectural Barriers Act: Required most buildings and facilities that were designed, constructed, or altered with federal funds after 1969 to be accessible to people with physical disabilities.


Urban Mass Transit Act: The 1964 Act was amended to require eligible local jurisdictions to plan and design mass transit facilities and services so that they could be available and useable by people with disabilities or people who are elderly. A grant and loan program was authorized to help state and local public agencies purchase vans or buses to transport people with severe mobility limitations. Three additional programs provided funding for projects that addressed national priorities, including transportation accessibility; and required project applicants to assure that non-peak fares for people with disabilities or people who are elderly did not exceed one-half of the fares for other riders during peak hours.


The Developmental Disabilities Services and Facilities Construction Amendments of 1970 were passed. This legislation gave states broad responsibility for planning and implementing comprehensive services for people with severe disabilities, and authorized the creation of a Developmental Disabilities Council in each state to plan and coordinate activities.