VII. The Self-Advocacy Movement - 1980's to Present B. Origins of the Self Advocacy Movement
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Under pressure from self-advocates, the Association for Retarded Citizens (ARC) became The Arc, and the American Association on Mental Deficiency (AAMD) changed its name to the Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR). Self-advocates are saying loudly that they are no longer the objects of professionals or the "mentally retarded" patient; nor are they the "eternal children" of the early parents' movement. "We are People First," and the disability should be considered second, if at all.

Nancy Ward Play Video
Video: Self-Advocates Becoming Empowered.
Nancy Ward describing S.A.B.E.
Nancy Ward Play Video
Our Voices Count: Self Advocacy Now
The self advocacy movement and founding of the Self Advocacy Association of New York State in the late 1980s.
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Speaking for Ourselves
Self advocates speak about the concepts of "people first" and self determination, and how stereotypes are perpetuated when labels are used to categorize individuals.