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Under pressure from self-advocates, the Association for Retarded Citizens (ARC) became The Arc, and the American Association on Mental Deficiency (AAMD) changed its name to the Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR). Self-advocates are saying loudly that they are no longer the objects of professionals or the "mentally retarded" patient; nor are they the "eternal children" of the early parents' movement. "We are People First," and the disability should be considered second, if at all.


Nancy Ward
Video: Self-Advocates Becoming Empowered.
Nancy Ward describing S.A.B.E.
Our Voices Count
Video: Our Voices Count: Self-Advocacy Now
The Self-Advocacy movement and founding of the Self-Advocacy Association of New York State in the late 1980s.
Self advocates
Video: Speaking for Ourselves
Self advocates speak about the concepts of "people first" and self determination, and how stereotypes are perpetuated when labels are used to categorize individuals.