IV. The Rise of the Institutions 1800 - 1950 C. 1870 to 1890: Shelter the Deviant From Society
 Previous Page Next Page To Menu

THE COLONY PLAN

Superintendents believed that persons with different disabilities should be placed in different quarters. This led to the development of the colony plan where an institution might have a separate building for persons with epilepsy called an "epileptic colony," another such building for "low-grades," and perhaps a "girls cottage" for women with various disabilities.

During this period, many people with disabilities were considered a burden because of economic hard times. Census reports counted persons with disabilities under the same category as other social problems such as crime, prostitution, vagrancy; and concluded that many persons with "feeblemindedness" were living in the community. While parents with children with disabilities sought relief, institutions sought to expand their facilities.
 

Low grades, 1890